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Pain perception in a diverse context (COMPAC)

In our globalized society, caregivers are also confronted with cultural diversity. Today, healthcare providers are sometimes asked a lot to achieve good communication with patients who have a different cultural background. This project investigates how this communication takes place around the theme of pain. A not unimportant theme, as pain is used as one of the five pillars to assess quality of life. Because pain is by definition subjective, communication and social skills play an important role precisely to achieve good care. Ethically, it is a duty of every healthcare provider to understand pain symptoms, no matter how culturally diverse the patient population. Moreover, pain is a multidimensional entity that includes biological, psychological and environmental factors and therefore should be approached holistically. In the organization of care today, this approach is being increasingly developed. We can see this in the establishment of Multidisciplinary Algological Teams (MAT) and Multidisciplinary Pain Centers (MPC) for the treatment of acute and chronic pain, respectively. Within various health care sectors, there appears to be insufficient diagnostic and care expertise with regard to pain patients from culturally diverse backgrounds. This lack of expertise increases the risk of incorrect/under-treatment. It is therefore appropriate to properly investigate this cultural dimension in pain perception and pain communication. Obviously, the "end user" will benefit from this, but for the healthcare system it will also provide sustainable solutions. Healthcare providers can be more targeted and it significantly reduces the risk of chronification. In terms of research, this project moves into an unexplored area, making it innovative in its approach. Indeed, much research on this topic focuses on racial/ethnic minorities within culturally diverse societies. But studies done in collaboration with the countries of origin of these cultural minorities are very scarce. However, this offers advantages in terms of exchange of competencies and capacity building. It provides insights into certain segments of our healthcare system that come from a primary source, as it were. The project aims to develop pain communication in a context of diversity in the best possible way. In this, it looks at the improvement of care practice in our country on the one hand and the training/education of caregivers on the other. The project thereby connects to three pillars of research within 360° Care & Welfare, namely person-centered, network-centered and environment-centered work. Moreover, the project responds to the latest technological developments and sees ICT as a lever for further competence development.
Date:25 Sep 2023 →  Today
Keywords:pain perception
Disciplines:Other psychology and cognitive sciences not elsewhere classified
Project type:Collaboration project